Banden, Gruppen) eingeteilt und die ausländische Presse bezeichnet sie manchmal auch zusammenfassend als „japanische Mafia“. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1. Über die Frauen der Yakuza ist wenig bekannt. Eine aktive Rolle spielen sie in der japanischen Mafia-Organisation nicht, ihre grossflächigen. Yakuza - das steckt hinter der japanischen Mafia. Der Name Yakuza hat seinen Ursprung aus dem japanischen Kartenspiel "Oicho-Kabu". In.
Die Yakuza – Portrait einer einst mächtigen OrganisationYakuza - das steckt hinter der japanischen Mafia. Der Name Yakuza hat seinen Ursprung aus dem japanischen Kartenspiel "Oicho-Kabu". In. Im Allgemeinen gelten die Yakuza als internationales Syndikat des organisierten Verbrechens. Die japanische Version der Mafia, wenn man so. Manche Japaner übersetzen Yakuza als Mafia. Sie glauben sogar, daß Yakuza ein kriminelles Verbrecher-Syndikat ist. Wenn ein Politiker oder Schauspieler mit.
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Although Yakuza membership has declined since the implementation of the Anti- Boryokudan Act in , there are still approximately 28, active Yakuza members in Japan as of The Yamaguchi family is successful to the point where its name has become synonymous with Japanese organized crime in many parts of Asia outside Japan.
Many Chinese or Korean persons who do not know the name "Yakuza" would know the name "Yamaguchi-gumi", which is frequently portrayed in gangster films.
Under the Organized Crime Countermeasures Law, the Prefectural Public Safety Commissions have registered 24 syndicates as the designated boryokudan groups.
Fukuoka Prefecture has the largest number of designated boryokudan groups among all of the prefectures, at 5; the Kudo-kai , the Taishu-kai , the Fukuhaku-kai , the Dojin-kai and the Namikawa-kai.
Designated boryokudan groups are usually large organizations mostly formed before World War II , some before the Meiji Restoration of the 19th century ; however, there are some exceptions such as the Namikawa-kai , which, with its blatant armed conflicts with the Dojin-kai , was registered only two years after its formation.
Yakuza are regarded as semi-legitimate organizations. For example, immediately after the Kobe earthquake , the Yamaguchi-gumi , whose headquarters are in Kobe , mobilized itself to provide disaster relief services including the use of a helicopter , and this was widely reported by the media as a contrast to the much slower response by the Japanese government.
The yakuza and its affiliated gangs control drug trafficking in Japan, especially methamphetamine. Some Yakuza groups are known to deal extensively in human trafficking.
Yakuza trick girls from impoverished villages into coming to Japan, where they are promised respectable jobs with good wages. Instead, they are forced into becoming sex workers and strippers.
In essence, this is a specialized form of protection racket. Instead of harassing small businesses, the Yakuza harass a stockholders' meeting of a larger corporation.
They simply scare the ordinary stockholder with the presence of Yakuza operatives, who obtain the right to attend the meeting by making a small purchase of stock.
Yakuza also have ties to the Japanese realty market and banking, through jiageya. Jiageya specialize in inducing holders of small real estate to sell their property so that estate companies can carry out much larger development plans.
Japan's bubble economy of the s is often blamed on real estate speculation by banking subsidiaries. After the collapse of the Japanese property bubble, a manager of a major bank in Nagoya was assassinated, and much speculation ensued about the banking industry's indirect connection to the Japanese underworld.
Yakuza have been known to make large investments in legitimate, mainstream companies. As a matter of principle, theft is not recognised as a legitimate activity of Yakuza.
This is in line with the idea that their activities are semi-open; theft by definition would be a covert activity.
More importantly, such an act would be considered a trespass by the community. Also, Yakuza usually do not conduct the actual business operation by themselves.
Core business activities such as merchandising, loan sharking or management of gambling houses are typically managed by non-Yakuza members who pay protection fees for their activities.
There is much evidence of Yakuza involvement in international crime. There are many tattooed Yakuza members imprisoned in various Asian prisons for such crimes as drug trafficking and arms smuggling.
In , one verified Yakuza member was caught smuggling 4 kilograms 8. Because of their history as a legitimate feudal organization and their connection to the Japanese political system through the uyoku dantai extreme right-wing political groups , Yakuza are somewhat a part of the Japanese establishment, with six fan magazines reporting on their activities.
The police stepped in and forced the Yakuza bosses on both sides to declare a truce in public. At various times, people in Japanese cities have launched anti-Yakuza campaigns with mixed and varied success.
In March , the Japanese government passed the Act for Prevention of Unlawful Activities by Criminal Gang Members , which made traditional racketeering much more difficult.
Beginning in , led by agency chief Takaharu Ando , Japanese police began to crack down on the gangs. Kodo-kai chief Kiyoshi Takayama was arrested in late In December , police arrested Yamaguchi-gumi's alleged number three leader, Tadashi Irie.
According to the media, encouraged by tougher anti-Yakuza laws and legislation, local governments and construction companies have begun to shun or ban Yakuza activities or involvement in their communities or construction projects.
They easily fit into the local population, since many tourists from Japan and other Asian countries visit the islands on a regular basis, and there is a large population of residents who are of full or partial Japanese descent.
They also work with local gangs, funneling Japanese tourists to gambling parlors and brothels. In California, the Yakuza have made alliances with local Korean gangs as well as Chinese triads.
They allied with Vietnamese gangs to use them as muscle, as they had potential to become extremely violent as needed.
The Yakuza saw their potential following the constant Vietnamese cafe shoot-outs and home invasion burglaries throughout the s and early s.
In New York City, they appear to collect finder's fees from Russian, Irish and Italian gang members and businessmen for guiding Japanese tourists to gambling establishments, both legal and illegal.
This was done without prior consultation of the NPA. The journalist who uncovered the deal received threats by Goto and was given police protection in the US and in Japan.
The yakuza have been engaged in Southeast Asia since the s; they are working there to develop sex tourism and drug trafficking.
In addition to their presence in Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand , the Philippines , and Vietnam , yakuza groups also operate in South Korea , China , Taiwan , and in the Pacific Islands especially Hawaii .
Yakuza groups also have a presence in North Korea; in , Yakuza member Yoshiaki Sawada was released from North Korea after spending five years in the country for attempting to bribe a North Korean official and smuggle drugs.
According to a speech by Mitsuhiro Suganuma, a former officer of the Public Security Intelligence Agency, around 60 percent of Yakuza members come from burakumin, the descendants of a feudal outcast class and approximately 30 percent of them are Japanese-born Koreans, and only 10 percent are from non-burakumin Japanese and Chinese ethnic groups.
The burakumin are a group that is socially discriminated against in Japanese society, whose recorded history goes back to the Heian period in the 11th century.
The burakumin are descendants of outcast communities of the pre-modern, especially the feudal era , mainly those with occupations considered tainted with death or ritual impurity , such as butchers, executioners , undertakers , or leather workers.
They traditionally lived in their own secluded hamlets. According to David E. While ethnic Koreans make up only 0.
Japanese-born people of recent Korean ancestry are considered resident aliens because of their nationality and are often shunned in legitimate trades, and are therefore embraced by the Yakuza precisely because they fit the group's "outsider" image.
Since , regulations that made business with members illegal as well as enactments of Yakuza exclusion ordinances led to the group's membership decline from its 21st century peak.
Methods include that which brought down Al Capone : checking the organization's finances. This adds pressure to the group from the U. As of , the U.
The Yakuza have had mixed relations with Japanese society. Despite their pariah status, some of their actions may be perceived to have positive effects on society.
For example, they stop other criminal organisations acting in their areas of operation. They have been known to provide relief in times of disaster.
Muitas vezes, eles inventam fatos e forjam provas a fim de comprometer ainda mais a empresa. O primeiro-ministro Nobusuke Kishi, por exemplo, esteve fortemente envolvido com a Yamaguchi-gumi.
O presidente de uma gangue de yakuza em Kyoto, por exemplo, forneceu 30 mil votos para eleger um governador. A Yamaguchi-gumi criou uma revista oficial chamada Yamaguchi-gumi Shinpo para seus membros.
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The rigid hierarchy and discipline are usually matched by a right-wing ultranationalistic ideology.
Kobun traditionally take a blood oath of allegiance , and a member who breaks the yakuza code must show penance—historically through a ritual in which the kobun cuts off his little finger with a sword and presents it to his oyabun , though this practice has declined over time.
Over time the yakuza have shifted toward white-collar crime , relying more and more on bribery in lieu of violence, and indeed in the early 21st century they were one of the least murderous criminal groups in the world.
These activities make the relationship between yakuza and police in Japan a complicated one; yakuza membership itself is not illegal, and yakuza-owned businesses and gang headquarters are often clearly marked.
Members have even been called upon to perform public functions, as when a yakuza force was assembled to serve as a security force during a visit by U.
Dwight Eisenhower although the visit ultimately did not occur. Yakuza are viewed by some Japanese as a necessary evil, in light of their chivalrous facade, and the organizational nature of their crime is sometimes viewed as a deterrent to impulsive individual street crime.
The Japanese government subsequently continued to impose stricter laws against criminal groups into the 21st century. Yakuza Article Additional Info.
Isso porque muitos membros da yakuza vivem no meio da sociedade discretamente e tem uma vida social como qualquer outro.
Geralmente os membros da yakuza comandam bares, hostess e casas de massagem em bairros da luz vermelha como kabukicho.
Isso foi bastante noticiado e comentado. Tive um amigo de um amigo que bateu num carro caro de um membro do yakuza. O cara que era brasileiro, simplesmente fugiu de cidade para evitar ter que pagar.October Click [show] for important translation instructions. When the 4schanzen Yamaguchi-gumi boss Kazuo Taoka died in the early s, his wife Purino.De took over as boss of Yamaguchi-gumi, albeit for a short time. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yakuza. Mafiahierarchically structured society of criminals of primarily Italian or Sicilian birth or extraction. Under Englisch Summe Organized Crime Countermeasures Law, the Prefectural Public Safety Commissions have registered 24 syndicates as the designated boryokudan groups. See Murder of Junko Furuta. Christian Kaisan gamblers had Kreuzworträtselhilfe Online Kostenlos much lower social standing even than traders, as gambling was illegal. The Yakuza Yakuza Mafia most of their income from a casino, Kenji's, and are currently fighting to keep other gangs from peddling drugs in their territory while seeking to protect their activities from police interference. This enables them to display their full-body tattoos to each other. They engage in extortion, blackmail, smugglingprostitutiondrug trafficking, gamblingloan sharking, day-labour contracting, and other rackets and control many restaurants, bars, trucking companies, talent agencies, taxi fleets, factories, and other businesses in major Japanese cities. The Japanese government subsequently continued to impose stricter laws against criminal groups into the 21st century. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. For other uses, Yakuza Mafia Yakuza disambiguation. Acredita que o membro da yakuza localizou ele? Instead, Dragonika are forced into becoming sex workers and strippers. But there was one thing Goto's power and money couldn't buy him in his homeland. Yakuza also have ties to the Praemienpunkte realty market and banking, through jiageya. The word "Yakuza" originally referred to a person who was a gang member, but today it also refers to Japanese organized Heidenheim Spiel Heute as a whole. Structurally, Sumiyoshi-kai differs from its principal rival, the Yamaguchi-gumiin that it functions like a federation. But even when the secret gets out, everything is usually accepted, since when people need food and blankets, they don't much care who's supplying them.